Provides the insured- through the insurer- the legal right to file a liability suit against the party at fault which caused a loss to the insured. Learn more about subrogation.
Subrogation in insurance is a legal concept and process through which an insurance company, after paying a claim to its policyholder for a covered loss, assumes the right to seek reimbursement or recover the amount paid from a third party who was responsible for causing the loss. In simpler terms, it allows the insurance company to "step into the shoes" of the insured and pursue legal action against the at-fault party to recover the money they paid for the claim.
The principle of subrogation is based on the idea that the party responsible for causing the loss should bear the financial burden, rather than the insurance company or its policyholder. It helps prevent unjust enrichment and ensures that the responsible party ultimately pays for the damages they caused.
Here's how subrogation works in practice:
1. An insured suffers a covered loss: When a policyholder experiences a loss that is covered by their insurance policy, they file a claim with their insurance company to receive compensation for the damages.
2. Insurance company pays the claim: If the claim is valid and within the coverage limits of the policy, the insurance company pays the policyholder the amount necessary to cover the loss.
3. Subrogation process begins: After paying the claim, the insurance company may investigate the circumstances surrounding the loss to determine if there is a third party who is legally responsible for causing the damages. If such a party is identified, the insurance company will initiate the subrogation process.
4. Legal action against the responsible party: The insurance company, acting on behalf of its policyholder, may take legal action against the at-fault party to recover the money it paid for the claim. This legal action could involve negotiation, arbitration, or filing a lawsuit, depending on the specifics of the situation.
5. Recovery of funds: If the subrogation process is successful, and the insurance company is able to recover money from the responsible third party, it will typically reimburse the policyholder for any applicable deductibles paid, and the remaining funds may be used to offset the insurer's costs or, in some cases, returned to the policyholder.
It's worth noting that subrogation clauses are typically included in insurance policies, allowing the insurance company to assert its right to pursue subrogation when appropriate. However, the specifics of subrogation can vary depending on the insurance policy, the laws in the jurisdiction, and the circumstances of each individual case.
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